Surveying Whitechapel

I very much enjoyed Peter Guillery’s online description of the origins of the Survey of London in C.R. Ashbee’s decision to document the history of the Trinity Hospital on the Mile End Road as a way of recording local history and establishing the importance of memory and local community against the trend of massive new construction; and its relationship to their decision to go back to Whitechapel for their forthcoming two volumes which will document, not least, the history of the Whitechapel Bell Foundry for which they did important documentary research. Its record of the area round Aldgate will be invaluable because so much is unrecognisable from what it was like even five years ago: even the streets have changed, vast tower blocks have gone up, so that it is hard to remember what it was like before.


Car park to café bar

In amongst so much bad and depressing news, it’s a pleasure to read a good story about an imaginative developer and architect making imaginative conversions of disused buildings for local community use, financed not by local authorities, but investors:-


Creating Coromandel

I have been sent a copy of a book to be published by Artifice Press on a strange and unexpected house built in the veldt north-east of Pretoria by Sydney and Victoria Press. Sydney Press owned Edgar’s, a big chain of stores. His wife, Victoria, was a designer from New York. They commissioned an Italian modernist architect, Marco Zanuso, who had edited Domus, on the basis of a picture of a Sardinian house he had designed which they had seen in a magazine, invited him out to South Africa and he proceeded to design an astonishing, enormous and bold house on an immense scale, which the book documents:-


Planning Reform

Since planning reform is on the agenda following the Queen’s Speech, I would like to make some suggestions, following my experience of observing the system in action with the Whitechapel Bell Foundry and, more recently, the planned building by Make on the South Bank:-

1. Since the abolition of the GLC, planning in London is in the hands of the local boroughs. Owing to long periods of budget cuts, they will often have only a single very over-stretched conservation officer who will be relatively junior. Moreover, the income of planning departments now depends on offering paid pre-application advice to developers. This inevitably makes them friendly with developers who will concentrate resources on buttering them up.

2. Decisions on planning are then in the hands of the relevant planning committee, a group of only six people who will be making huge decisions on development without any particular architectural knowledge or expertise. They are more likely to be interested in jobs and income from business rates than issues of architectural quality and character.

3. Bad projects can be called in by the Mayor or the Secretary of State, but this is a hugely expensive and laborious system. With the Whitechapel Bell Foundry, the Inspector found in favour of the New York-based developer’s scheme to turn it into a luxury hotel, since which nothing has happened. The climate of investment has changed and post-COVID the City may not need quite so many luxury hotels. So, the whole procedure is very laborious and excessively expensive.

4. Michael Gove seems to be inclined to put planning out of the hands of politicians – I agree with this – and into the hands of local people. I am in favour of a non-specialist element in planning decisions, but I can’t see how the new system will work.

5. The whole system is rigged in favour of new development against restoration, conservation and retrofit, which isn’t great. This may be something to do with VAT. Or the way grants are administered. Or the way planning decisions are made.

6. Developers choose big commercial practices like Make to navigate their way through the planning system. But actually smaller practices are often more attuned to adaptation and sympathetic new development. This should be reflected in the way grants are administered and projects assessed by planning committees.

I’m sure there are other things that need to change. But these are some suggestions, based on recent experience.


Make destroys the National Theatre (8)

I’m very delighted to read that Michael Gove has ordered a halt on the works proposed for the old ITV studios near the National Theatre. If planning is to have any authority, then the proposed scheme by Make should not be allowed: not because of its architecture, but because of the extreme sensitivity of the site immediately opposite Somerset House and on the bend of the river between the Houses of Parliament and the huge scale of the proposed building, making the National Theatre look like a dwarf. This comes after denunciations of the project by Rowan Moore in the Observer, Richard Morrison in the Times, an editorial in the Times, and by Simon Jenkins in the Guardian. It demonstrates that Gove may not be such a puppet of the developers and provides an opportunity for the planning system to review an appropriate balance between conservation and new development, particularly in the central heart of London, where the scheme by Make would be such a damaging intervention. I’m so glad that Gove recognises this and has intervened.


Daily Mail

Given the fact that the Daily Mail has been hounding the Durham police to prosecute Keir Starmer and seems to have been the organisation which by its daily coverage persuaded them to re-open their investigation quite contrary to their stated policy; and given the fact that they published a story today that we should feel sorry for the Prime Minister that he was so sick before his recent television interview that he puked all over his nice blue suit, so was unable to answer any of the questions very well; we should perhaps remind ourselves that it was Downing Street that persuaded/ordered its proprietors to ditch their editor when he was critical of it (see below). Criticism used to be the role of the Fourth Estate, but not apparently any longer in the Johnson State.

Do the people in Downing Street really think that voters are so colossally naive that they can’t differentiate between the Prime Minister having booze-ups in 10, Downing Street in the early stages of a lockdown which he himself was promoting on a daily basis and the Leader of the Opposition having a meal with party workers nearly a year later after the government had themselves blown up the moral consensus behind the original lockdown and themselves been encouraging everyone to get back to work ?

And do they really think that we should feel sorry for the Prime Minister that he may have been so hungover that he was so useless at answering questions in a rare television interview ?


The Local Elections (3)

The pundits seem to think that it’s only the liberal elite who are hostile to the Prime Minister. The attached suggests otherwise.


John Harris

I read on twitter yesterday that John Harris had died and have now had it confirmed. It’s a great loss to architectural history. There will be many people who know more about his life than I do, but I know the gist of it. Born in 1931, so died aged ninety one; left school aged 14; got a job at the RIBA in 1956 and developed an astonishing knowledge of architectural drawings; attracted the attention of Nikolaus Pevsner who recruited him to help with the writing of his volume on Lincolnshire; established the RIBA Drawings Collection in premises next door to the Courtauld Institute with funding from Drue Heinz; organised the publication of its series of published catalogues which remain an important source for architectural history; helped to organise the exhibition The Destruction of the Country House in 1974, an exhibition of exceptional importance in changing the climate of public opinion towards country houses; published the major monograph on William Chambers in 1970; advised Paul Mellon on the acquisition of architectural drawings for what became the Yale Center for British Art; recruited many of the current generation of architectural historians to work for him at the RIBA Drawings Collection, including Neil Bingham and Tim Knox. But a catalogue of what he did does not convey the vitality of his personality, which is perhaps better conveyed by a photograph:-


The Local Elections (2)

I have been trying to figure out what really happened in the local elections now that political commentary feels so unreliable, so influenced by what the government wants the narrative to be, setting the agenda for the BBC and feeding it to the newspapers. But it is hard to see it as other than pretty disastrous for the government: losing its flagship councils – Wandsworth, Westminster and Barnet; losing Tunbridge Wells; losing Somerset; in other words, losing the bluest of its heartlands. I can see it’s not necessarily a great result for Labour – actually better for the Liberal Democrats which provides the opposition in the south west. The opposition is so fragmented. So, it remains to be seen whether enough MPs make the calculation that they will lose their seat at the next election under the current leadership. It only needs fifty four.


Mayor Rahman

I have been trying to figure out the big vote in favour of Mayor Rahman and against Mayor Biggs on Thursday and what part Biggs’s support for the redevelopment of Brick Lane played in his downfall. He certainly was pro-development and very hostile to conservation. One just hopes that Rahman might take a more strategic approach to the development of Spitalfields, looking at a better balance between new building and cultural heritage. He could make a start by asking his conservation officer what can be done to protect what remains of 113, Redchurch Street. Then find out why the Whitechapel Bell Foundry has not been preserved. And then commission a strategic plan for the redevelopment of Spitalfields from Assemble who have the right local knowledge.