I am prompted by Mark Fisher’s comment about how little Piedmont is known to reflect on the reason why this is so. Part is presumably historical, the hybridity of the Kingdom of Savoy, part-French, part- Italian, not quite in the mainstream of European politics in the way that European history has been written. Turin’s historical importance is essentially nineteenth century, in the battles for Independence and in Italian industrial history as a prosperous northern working city, still working now with its air of coffee houses, offices, privacy and arcades. Much of the countryside is quasi-industrial, built over in the unplanned, undiscriminating way of so much of northern Italy. So, it is superficially unattractive, which effectively keeps most tourists, apart from Scandinavians, away. This conceals the sense of history where the mountains meet the plain, the long prosperity, the sense of being a land over which armies marched and the pleasures of the smaller towns, the rhythms of rural life, the enjoyment of Slow Food and vernacular buildings.